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UHI

Urban Heat Island and Urban Thermography

Integration of satellite TIR observations into urban meteorological and climate modelling to help decision makers in better preventing the impact of Urban Heat Islands during heat waves and in reducing the risk.

UHI
Urban Heat Island and Urban Thermography
DUE (Data User Element)
Land
€1,135k
Service Demonstration
Completed
NOAA : AVHRR
MSG : SEVIRI
Landsat 7 : ETM
Landsat 4/5 : TM
ERS-2 : ATSR-2
EOS-Terra : ASTER
EOS-Aqua : MODIS
ENVISAT : AATSR
http://www.urbanheatisland.info" target="_blank">http://www.urbanheatisland.info

Densely built cities with a low percentage of green areas are sensitive to heat waves due to air temperatures in the core of the city significantly higher than in the surrounding rural areas. When these high temperatures coincide with low wind speeds and high humidity, the population might be put under thermal stress with dramatic consequences. The metropolitan areas that are the most prone to heat waves are called Urban Heat Islands (UHI).

The project "Urban Heat Islands and Urban Thermography" aims principally at defining, designing, developing, verifying, validating and demonstrating a set of services that integrate satellite observations with ground weather stations into urban meteorological and climate models for a better prevention of UHI impacts during summer heat waves, a reduction of the heat wave risk in metropolitan areas, and a better implementation of energy efficiency policies in European cities.

The project has a threefold objective:

  • Firstly, the assimilation of satellite Remote Sensing observations (principally but not only Thermal Infrared bands) with urban ground stations (Temperature, Relative Humidity and Wind Speed) into urban meteorological and climate modelling to help the mitigation of UHI impact (through appropriate alert system) and to reduce the risk (through dedicated urban land planning).
  • Secondly, the study of the energy balance of the cities for a better response to the urban energy efficiency policies.
  • Thirdly, the study of a dedicated TIR satellite mission with high spatial resolution and revisiting time for a more adequate provision of Land Surface Temperature (LST) retrievals in the metropolitan areas of European cities.

The ultimate objective of the project is, through a better understanding of the conditioning factors that drive urban climates, to be in a position to predict and mitigate the spatial and temporal variability of Urban Heat Islands in metropolitan areas and their effect on the local population most at risk.

UHI Newsletter 1
UHI Newsletter 2
UHI Newsletter 3
UHI Newsletter 4
UHI Newsletter 5
UHI Newsletter 6
Executive Summary
Final Report
PLANETEK ITALIA S.R.L.
INDRA
EUROSENSE
VITO
EDISOFT
NOA ISRA
Municipality of Athens
Municipality of Amaroussion
Greek Civil Protection
Greek MetOffice
Municipality of Bari
IBGE-BIM
Municipality of Budapest
Municipality of Lisbon
E-Nova
INSA-DEP/ONSA
Greater London Authority
Municipality of Madrid
Municipality of Paris
Municipality of Seville
Seville Area de Innovacion
SEVILLA GLOBAL
Agency of Urban Ecology
Municipality of Thessaloniki
ERT-3
Paolo Manunta
Planetek Italia s.r.l.
Via Massaua, 12
I-70123 Bari
ITALY
Tel: +39 080-534.3750
Fax: +39 080-534.0280
Email: manunta@planetek.it
Marc Paganini
European Space Agency - ESRIN D/EOP-SEP
Via Galileo Galilei
I-00046 Frascati (RM)
Italy

Tel: +39 06-941.80563
Fax: +39 06-941.80552
Email: marc.paganini@esa.int